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Internal Control is commonly cited as an avoidable cost, a bureaucratic straitjacket that limits agile decision-making, while on the other hand, it’s a fundamental element in the governance of large organizations, listed companies, banks, and financial institutions, arguably mandated by regulators. This mandate essentially supports the argument that Internal Control is needed for organizations that deal with public money. …


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So much has been written in honor of wisdom, as a virtue, on its importance, and its indispensable place in our lives that thinking of its antagonisms immediately meets resistance. Nonetheless, given this central position, which, on one hand, conditions the mind with predetermined schemes, while, on the other hand, it is the appearance mediated by itself; its mechanism does not immediately reveal itself in its simplicity.

4 August 2020, an explosion marks Lebanon, for some, just another incident leaving heads protesting in silence, some chose to be vocal, in shame and condemnation protesting murder. Some wise news anchors breathlessly…


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The greatest gift of modern life is the choices we have at our disposal which our parents and generations before them lacked. Today, we think in choices, act on options, strategize alternatives, and strive for possibilities, as such our whole life circles around choices of lifestyle, education, career, relationships, between being a stoic or to side with popular consumerism, capitalism or Marxism, left or right even center is no longer a neutral ground, its a choice. Its influence extends beyond the experiential realm and connects itself to our thoughts, where it gets its popular political name, freedom of choice.

We…


Some time ago, an interesting exchange over the mechanism of rationality led to the idea of retrospective rationalization. This idea, which on one hand, antagonizes the very ground on which rationality stands, on the other hand, is firmly rooted in language. And despite its logical contradictions conditioning rationality with the outcome, its epistemological appeal and paradoxical form present itself in every walk of life.

Admittedly, to discuss this notion against its contradictions is an overwhelming task. For example, consider gambling, where its accused of retrospectively rationalizing winning bets as logical, while simply discarding losses placed with equal, if not more…


In Hegel’s dialectical movement, contradictions are necessarily internalized, and there is always a remainder, a leftover from the process of sublation. Therefore contradiction is a simple negation of an object, a necessity of its determination, and the remainder is the negation of negation. Simply put the first negation is a necessity for determination, second negation is essential to it’s truth. Hegel says in his Logic, in determination of infinite, finitude is excluded from it’s being; simply what is finite cannot be finite, but in essence infinite in this movement internalizes finitude in it’s essence, or simply finitude which is fundamental…


An optical illusion is described as a deceptive trick which makes us see something else, other than the reality we should see. I think, this description reduces this phenomenon, which exists and is real qua experience, and dismisses it rather naively. I categorized some key ideas on how people view optical illusions in following points and lastly added my own thoughts on the topic;

1- The first group ridicules optical illusions simply as mental tricks, something which is not real. This thought ignores that it is generated from the same trickster mind, to become this antagonist conclusion;

2- Second group…


“Homo economicus”, or as more commonly known as a rational man or an economic man, is a central figure in economic theory, and despite its controversial nature it sustained its position in extrapolating commercial behavior. As such, this figure exists as an ideal notion, its does not exist in real, its best described in its characteristics which are that its consistently rational, and narrowly self interested in perusing its subjectively defined goals optimally. Its apparently awkward disposition attracts its critics to discuss its unrealistic qualities, which stem confusion in grasping underlying motives of an individual, which, generally speaking, would contain…


Every strategy is based on the premise of operational effectiveness, without it, strategy does not matter. Michael Porter uses this argument to explain, what is strategy? and he concludes that operational effectiveness is not strategy. Strategy is about choices, while operational effectiveness is a “must have” for a successful strategy, and not merely a “good to have”.

Porter described operational effectiveness as “performing similar activities better than rivals. Operational effectiveness includes but is not limited to efficiency. …


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“Cogito, ergo sum; I think, therefore I am… Rene Descartes”

Can this be negated?

We are thinking beings, we think without deliberate intervention, our attention griped by this phenomenon which exists, but then, is attention in itself not a form of thinking? Attention assumes this temporal abstracted form of one’s wider reality into a single concept, without completely dissolving this external reality, similarly generalizing, where one observes a rule, a pattern and searches for its consistency in other schemas.

These forms of thinking are parts of the larger universal described in Cogito, Ergo Sum; If I think, therefore I am…


A commonly known fact about risk is that it did not occur, yet, and it may never happen at all, and while this property is fundamental to its concept. It’s a necessary misrecognition in this determination, which includes in itself contradictions, fear and hope, mediates into form which manifests itself as risk. On the other hand, choice presents itself as a necessary condition which precedes risk, and as such this relation relationship, between choice and risk, presents itself as an accidental and interdependent formulation, existing in this linear necessity.

Choice is as such an independent phenomenon of risk, which is…

Majid Mumtaz Hussain

Idealism the highest truth which we must lack to be human

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